Mobile Automation testing is used in almost every mobile testing process. This is done to reduce the time needed in the testing process, not including errors and omissions in the implementation of testing caused by human factors. There are various choices of tools for automation, some are free, and some are paid. Each tool has a unique and certain characteristic.
A Senior Automated Test Engineer said that for automated testing to be effective and profitable, the things that must be done by the examiner are:
- Research the software product being tested and the project
- Obviously, determine what tests should be automated
- Formulate requirements for automation testing along with tools for automation
- Learn at least a few of the tools available and suitable for automation
- Choose the most suitable or more based tools on research
- Discuss selected automation tools with other project parties, then explain these choices, and get their approval
- Proceed to automation testing.
The approach and sequence of steps will be approved by most quality assurance experts.
5 Mobile App Automated Testing Tools for Android Applications
1. Robotium Android Testing Tool
Robotium is one of the first automation testing tools and is often used to test Android-based software.
Robotium is a free Android UI testing tool. It is suitable for testing the automation of various versions of Android and its sub-versions. Mobile application developers regularly describe it as Selenium for Android. Tests made by Robotium are written in Java. In addition, Robotium is also a library for unit tests.
However, this requires a lot of time and effort to make testing through Robotium. Because they must write source code for the program to do automation testing. This tool is also not suitable for interaction with software systems, because it cannot lock and unlock smartphones or tablets. There is no Record and Play function in Robotium and does not provide screenshots.
2. MonkeyRunner Android App Testing
MonkeyRunner is one of the popular Android Testing tools that is used to automate the functional testing of Android application.
This tool has a lower level than Robotium. One does not have to write source code to do automation testing. Tests are written in Python and can use recording tools to do the testing.
MonkeyRunner can run tests on devices connected to PCs or emulators. This tool has an API that allows you to control a smartphone, tablet, or emulator.
The drawback of the mobile app testing tool is the need to write a script for each device. Another problem with MonkeyRunner is that testing requires adjustments when the user interface of the program being tested changes.
3. Ranorex Android Application Testing Tool
Ranorex is a great tool for automation testing aimed not only at the latest Android version but also for early versions and sub-versions of Android, starting with Android 2.2.
One of the advantages of Ranorex is the detailed reports that come with screenshots. Ranorex can connect a smartphone or tablet to the Internet via a WiFi network.
Automation testers can elaborate on various data-based tests, not including XML data formats, through this Android tool. Automation testers can make testing easily. This makes it possible to elaborate on additional program modules. Modules can be used during the final development cycle for more complex testing scenarios.
Ranorex is a commercial tool that has a license price of 1990 euros. There are some drawbacks of Ranorex which are Ranorex search elements rather slow, it takes up to 30 seconds to perform an operation. Someone has to create an APK file instrument for Ranorex. Because of automation testing through this tool, it only works on the instrumented APK file.
4. Appium Android Automation Framework
Is a framework used to make automation testing for iOS and Android platforms. This tool is free and supports the Android version of 2.3 and later versions. Appium uses the WebDriver interface for testing. Appium supports many programming languages, such as Java, C #, Ruby and others that have the WebDriver library.
Appium can control Safari and Chrome on mobile devices. This allows testing of mobile websites using Appium and the browser.
The weakness of Appium according to the automation testers is the poor and inadequate report and the lack of XPath support on mobile devices.
5. UI Automator for Android Test Automation
This tool supports Android versions starting from version 4.1. UI Automator is able to interact with all types of Android-based software products, including application systems. This allows the UI Automator to lock and unlock your smartphone or tablet.
Scripts created with this tool can be run on various Android platforms. That way, UI Automator can reproduce complex sequences of user actions.
UI Automator can also utilize the device’s external buttons, such as the back button, adjust volume, turn on and turn off the device.
UI Automator can be integrated with the TestNG testing framework. In this case, UI Automator can produce informative and detailed reports, similar to reports produced by Ranorex. This tool can also search for elements very quickly.
According to software testing experts, UI Automator is good for testing quality mobile applications on many Android platforms. This is one of the best tools for Android applications.
Testing automation is a complex task. This requires careful preparation and research. We also need to follow all the new things in the development of information technology, applications, and automation test equipment. All this knowledge is needed to make the most effective test.